Once an assessment has been completed, organizations must decide which issue(s), gap(s) or problem(s) they will target with their programming — this is the “problem definition” stage in the Project Cycle. When the key problems have been defined, organizations and individuals can begin to develop intervention strategies.
VAWG programme design must determine the most critical gaps that an organization can reasonably, ethically, and safely fill. Intervention strategies should be selected based on:
- the characteristics of the community and the targeted participants
- the institution’s capacity to carry out the programme and its experience
- the geographic setting and the stage of the emergency
- the experience of other actors working in the same setting, or with similar interventions; good practice models can be used and modified if needed.
Interventions should also be inclusive of monitoring and evaluation strategies that will be in place throughout the duration of the programme and will allow the organization to see if activities are on track and help identify any unanticipated problems or barriers and quickly mitigate risks.
Even in the early stages of a humanitarian crisis, intervention strategies should also, whenever possible, consider how to ensure sustainable programming by taking into account models for longer-term interventions. (See Section IV: Strategic Framework for Longer-term Interventions.)
Coordination with other VAWG actors is essential in identifying the particular added value of an intervention, as well as in reducing the risk of replicating programming, making the most of limited resources, and working towards a comprehensive prevention and response action plan. (See Section V: Coordination as Key Component of Addressing VAWG.)
While every setting will present unique challenges that must be considered when developing intervention strategies, there are some challenges that are generally consistent across settings and should be taken into account, as identified below.